The Game Of Football
Association football, also commonly called simply football, is a competitive team game played between two teams of eleven players. It is played internationally by about 250 million players in more than 200 countries and dependencies, which make it the fourth most popular game worldwide. The game is predominantly played at a central field or in a designated rectangular area, but individual countries have their own unique traditions and rules. The name itself defines the sport: it’s named after the footwork and stance used by players in the game.
Early football was played using a metal stick or “ball” that being hit back and forth. The ball was made out of wood or leather from a tree, and it was not uncommon for members of public schools clubs to hit the ball with their feet. The first piece of equipment to be used in the game was a leather shoe with spikes on the bottom. This was modified over the years to become what we know today as football boots. The game slowly evolved from a group of men sitting on the sidelines to organized teams playing on an artificial turf field using a ball made of fiberglass. Professional and college games gradually developed with the use of aluminum, steel and acrylic.
Originally, football was only played by men because of the nature of the game. A team of five players could not play against a single opponent; each one taking a turn. Football was only ever played between nations or teams, not individuals. But as time progressed, the game began to be played by both men and women.
Unlike other sports and leagues where the ball can be thrown, a soccer ball must be handled by players before it can be put into play. The ball is kept in play with the help of three main players: the keeper, the forward and the midfielder. The keeper plays the role of a sweeper and his job is to stop the ball from going out or getting stuck in the goals. The forward is the person who runs with the ball and is in charge of the play. Usually the forward holds the ball while the other two players move across the field.
When a soccer field is being played, there are a number of rules that need to be followed. One of these is called the corner kick. This is commonly used in most countries but England and Spain have different rules on this kick. The Corner kick takes place when the ball is at the side of the opponents’ goal or in the center of the field.
The last quarter of each half is referred to as the halftime. This is when the sides are given thirty minutes to play without any further breaks. The sides may use a normal substitution before the halftime whistle and up to three additional players may join the team in the middle of the field. The winning team receives three points and the losing team one. The ties are broken by a shoot off, penalty kick or a goal from a corner kick.